Essay on Management and Organization
2025 Words9 Pages
Introduction The management and organizational approaches that are used by various firms play a critical role in their performance. The adopted management approach is important due to the fact that it determines the efficiency with which activities are performed. The organizational structure of the firm on the other hand determines the delegation and application of authority. The organizational structure is developed by the management. The structure facilitates effective interaction among employees and helps in directing resources towards achieving the goals of the organization. The behavior of employees is also influenced by the management and organizational approach (Mullins 3). Thus a firm will only be successful if it adopts the best…show more content…
First, it is based on the assumption that firms operate in a capitalist economy that is associated with “a free market system” (Perterson 47) in which transactions are facilitated by money. Thus the most important objective of the firms is profit maximization and improving efficiency levels. Second, the workers are expected to be rational. This means that they are supposed to work-hard in order to maximize their earnings. Besides, they are expected to prioritize the goals and objectives of the organization. Finally, organizations are supposed to increase their production capacities in order to enjoy the benefits of “division of labor and specialization of tasks” (Daft 56).
The principles of the theory The scientific management theory is based on four principles. The principles form the basis for designing processes, managing workers and improving productivity. Thus an organization that uses the scientific management approach will improve its efficiency and productivity if it follows the principles correctly. The principles are as follows.
Developing a Science for Every Element of Work According to this principle, the old rule-of-thump should be replaced by clear-cut procedures. Such procedures can be developed through a careful study of the various processes within the organization in order to “develop the one best way to do everything” (Cook and Hunsacker 45). In order to identify
Management: Planning Function Essay examples
1624 Words7 Pages
Management: Planning Function Planning is a major function of management. Planning may be the most important of all management functions. Planning involves a six-step process that assists an organization in setting goals and determining how to accomplish them best (Allen, 1998). “Effective planning helps an organization adapt to change by identifying opportunities and avoiding problems. It sets the direction for the other functions of management and for teamwork” (Allen, 1988, ¶ 1). In order to operate in an efficient and effective manner and to progress with focus and direction, an organization…show more content…
Additionally, consideration is given to the effects from external environment (Bateman-Snell, 2007). In the end, this step should identify the issues and problems, and lead towards a direction in regard to plans that need to be made (Bateman-Snell, 2007). After the situational analysis, several alternative goals will be advanced and plans made to achieve those goals (Bateman-Snell, 2007). “This step in the process should stress creativity and encourage managers and employees to assume a broad perspective on their jobs (Bateman-Snell, 2007, p. 119). Next it is necessary to evaluate the goals and plans. This step involves placing priority on the most important goals and even eradicating some as a possibility (Bateman-Snell, 2007). The next step is: goal plan and selection. “Once managers have assessed the various goals and plans, they will select the one that’s most appropriate and feasible” Bateman-Snell, 2007, p. 120). Usually, a formality in the planning process includes the writing of the most logical and practical goals and plans in relation to forecasted circumstances (Bateman-Snell, 2007). Some organizations develop planning scenarios with contingency plans. This allows a manager to use a different set of plans should the situation change.